Basal Cell Carcinoma in Israel
Basal cell carcinoma treatment in Israel is carried out with great success at “Herzliya Medical Center” one of the leading private hospitals in Israel; this is primarily due to the fact that immediately after diagnosis, the advanced medical technologies are put into practice.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma (basal cell carcinoma) refers to cancer of the skin, emerging in the basal layer of the skin of the atypical cells. The disease is characterized by a slow growth, which is accompanied by inflammatory infiltration and corrosion of the surrounding tissue. Basal cell carcinoma rarely sends metastases.
Basal cell carcinoma occurs mainly in open areas of skin exposed to sunlight, such as the head, face and neck.
The primary cause of basal cell cancer, according to scientists, is prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation; therefore in order to prevent basal cell carcinoma one must avoid being exposed during the solar activity and use sunscreen.
Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma
In most cases basal cell carcinoma develops on the head and neck, much less on the back and limbs. Common feature for all types of skin cancer is the development of a painful, prolonged bleeding mass.
Development of basal cell carcinoma often begins as a small convex tubercles, which covers small surface vessels. For patients with dark skin, this type of cancer can be brown or black in color due to increased melanin content. People with light skin phenotype, this tumor is like a flesh-colored birthmark, with clear and shiny surface. Usually, it is flat, covered with scabs, brown or flesh-colored bleeding tumor.
Diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma
Diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma in Israel begins with the skin. First a dermatologist visually examines suspicious neoplasm and checks other areas of the skin for the presence of pathologies. If the doctor assigns a skin biopsy, in which a small sample is extracted from the damaged area of the skin for further histological testing in the laboratory. This procedure will reveal the presence of skin cancer and its type.
Methods of treatment of basal cell carcinoma
Choosing the most effective method of basal cell carcinoma treatment depends on the type, location and extent of the disease.
- Electrodesiccation and curettage, including removal from the skin neoplasms using a scraper tool, with further cauterization. This type of treatment can be used in a small, primary, not germinated in depth basal cell carcinoma.
- Surgical removal. During this procedure, the surgeon cuts the tumor itself as well as small portions of the surrounding healthy skin. This method is applied in the development of solid basal cell carcinoma. After surgery, if necessary, reconstruction of skin is needed.
- Cryosurgery. Using the method of cryosurgery means the destruction of cancer cells by freezing them with liquid nitrogen. The method is effective for a not very large tumor which has not spread deep into the skin.
- Operation Method Mohs. During the removal procedure, after each removal of tissue, the pathologist examines the removed tissues and informs the surgeon where to remove the next tissue; each layer is examined under a microscope. This operation allows you to remove the tumor completely, without an excessive amount of surrounding healthy issue. Operation method Mohs is an effective treatment in relapsed basal cell carcinoma, as well as large, deep, fast-growing tumors.
- Chemotherapy drugs applied in case of development of metastasis or in cases where other types of treatment of basal cell carcinoma have not been effective.
- Radiotherapy is used for tumor localization in areas where surgery is difficult to implement.
In the treatment of basal cell carcinoma in Israel the percentage of successful treatment is approximately 90%.
Treatment of patients who are diagnosed with ‘basal cell carcinoma’ at “Herzliya Medical Center” private hospital are conducted by professional doctors who specialize in skin cancer therapy using advanced methods of diagnosis and treatment.