Neuroblastoma Treatment in Israel
The main advantage of neuroblastoma treatment in Israelis its innovative diagnostic techniques in order to identify the disease at the earliest stages of pre-clinical stage.
At "Herzliya Medical Center" private hospital, leading Israeli specialists boast extensive experience in the treatment of cancer at any level of complexity.
Neuroblastoma is a cancer which emerges in the cells of the nervous system. Neuroblastoma is often localized in the retroperitoneal region and around the adrenal gland.
However, this type of abnormal growths can also develop in other abdominal areas, as well as in the sternum, near the neck and spine.
Neuroblastoma in children occurs most often in infants and young children although there are rare incidences among older children.
Some forms of neuroblastoma may regress turning into a benign disease, others may require extensive treatment.
Clinical signs and symptoms of neuroblastoma will vary depending on the tumor.
The most common abdominal (in the area of the peritoneum) form of the disease can cause a number of the following clinical manifestations:
- abdominal pain
- development, palpation palpable tumors in the abdominal area
- dysfunction of the bowel, diarrhea or constipation
- lower extremity edema
With the development of neuroblastoma in the thoracic spine the following symptoms may show:
- chest pain
- persistent cough
Among other clinical manifestations that can indicate the presence of neuroblastoma the following violations may be found:
- development of nodules under the skin
- occurrence of back pain and bone
- temperature rise
- unexplained loss of body weight
- increase in blood pressure
Neuroblastoma Diagnosis in Israel
Diagnosis of neuroblastoma in Israel typically includes procedures and tests as listed below:
Physical medical examination.Medical examination in order to detect signs of the disease.
Blood or urine may be used to check the level of catecholamines increase, a characteristic in neuroblastoma.Tests of computer visualization, such as x-ray, ultrasound, CT, MRI can detect the presence of a tumor and its location.
Biopsy. Upon detection of tumors a biopsy may be required.During the procedure, tissue samples for further laboratory testing may be required; from this research it is possible to find out what type of cancer cells are present in the tumor development.This information helps your doctor to develop an individual treatment plan.
A bone marrow biopsy
In some cases there is a need to obtain a bone marrow sample using a biopsy or bone marrow aspiration.
After diagnosis of neuroblastoma further studies are assigned to determine the extent and incidence of the cancer.
Neuroblastoma Treatment Options in Israel
When choosing a treatment plan, a few factors are taken into account: the stage of development and the type of cancer, the presence of chromosomal and genetic disorders.
Based on this information, specialists classify the severity of neuroblastoma as follows: low, medium or high risk.The strategy and the choice of therapy treatments for neuroblastoma in Israel depends on the assigned risk category.
Neuroblastoma Surgery in Israel
For patients with neuroblastoma classified as a low degree of severity, a surgery may be sufficient to remove the tumor.
The success of the surgery depends on the location of the cancer and its size.The procedure for removal of tumors located near vital organs such as the lungs or the spinal cord may become too risky.
Neuroblastoma (classified as middle-and high-risk) surgery may also require to apply other treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, to complete the destruction of the remaining possible cancer cells after surgery.
Chemotherapy for Neuroblastoma
Young patients with a diagnosis of "neuroblastoma" at medium risk receive the combination of chemotherapeutic agents prior to surgery in order to reduce tumor size, to improve the chances of the surgical treatment.
Children with high-risk neuroblastoma receive higher doses of chemotherapeutic agents prior to surgery or transplantation of stem cells bone marrow.
For patients with low and medium risk neuroblastoma: if surgery and chemotherapy were not sufficient, effective radiation therapy is conducted. In patients with high-risk neuroblastoma, preventive courses of radiation therapy are conducted in order to prevent recurrence.
Stem Cell Transplantation
Autologous (patient using cells) stem cell transplantation is also carried out to patients with neuroblastoma. Before stem cell transplantation, the patient is treated with high doses of chemo and radiation in order to destroy as many cancer cells as possible.The main purpose of the procedure is to assist in the formation of new blood cells after intensive courses of chemo-and radiotherapy.
Patients are also assigned to immunomodulatory therapy drugs, capable of stimulating the body's defense to destroy abnormal cells.
Herzliya Medical Center Private Hospital is the right choice for innovative diagnosis methods and treatment of neuroblastoma.