Cervical Cancer in Israel
Cervical cancer treatment in Israel is based on the results obtained by a diagnosis and the individual wishes of the patient. Many of the patients who come to Israel for cervical cancer treatment, select "Herzliya Medical Center" Private Hospital. HMC is rightfully considered one of the leading medical centers in the country.
Cancer of the cervix (cervical cancer) is a cancer that begins in the cervix. A common cause of the disease is an infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV), which is sexually transmitted. Thus, one way of prevention is to receive HPV vaccines capable of protecting against this type of viruses.
Cervical Cancer Symptoms
Cervical cancer at its early stages is characterized by asymptomatic clinical signs.
As the disease progresses, signals of a possible incidence of cervical cancer of the uterus ailments are listed below:
- Profuse vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, in some
- cases accompanied by bloody impurity
- Vaginal bleeding after intercourse or arising after the cessation of menses (after menopause)
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
- Appearance of an unpleasant and painful sensations during coitus
One should make an appointment with a gynecologist if one or all of the symptoms mentioned above are present
Cervical Cancer Diagnosis in Israel
Early detection of cervical cancer has a positive effect on the success of the therapy.
Israeli doctors believe that the study of cervical cancer and precancerous changes should begin with a Pap test.
During the procedure, smear is extracted from the cervix for further examination under a microscope for the presence of abnormal cells and dysplasia.
DNA testing for HPV is used as a follow-up to abnormal changes traced with a Pap smear.
The DNA test reveals the carrier types of HPV that can trigger the development of cervical cancer.
If clinical signs and the presence of abnormal cells in the course of screening is appointed, additional checks are necessary for an accurate diagnosis.
Cervical cancer diagnosis includes:
- Colposcopy. During colposcopy the gynecologist examines the vagina and cervix with an optical device. If necessary, during the procedure a biopsy is conducted.
- Cervical conization. The doctor removes a small cone-shaped portion of the mucosa for a subsequent histological examination and a detection of precancerous or cancerous changes. It is called a cone biopsy because a cone-shaped wedge of tissue is removed from the cervix and examined.
- On detecting cervical cancer, the patient goes under further diagnostic studies for defining the extent of the cancer process, such as: X-ray, CT, MRI and PET. These tests are used to determine the extent of cancer spread beyond the organ.
- Additional tests may be required such as cystoscopy and proctoscopy.
Methods of Cervical Cancer Treatment in Israel
The strategy of treatment of cervical cancer in Israel is developed on the basis of the stage of the cancer, the presence of chronic diseases in the patient and her preferences. Treatment of cervical cancer is complex and usually includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
A radical method of treatment of this disease is surgery during which a full or partial excision of the uterus (hysterectomy) is performed.
The application of hysterectomy in the initial stages of the development of cervical cancer is a highly effective therapy, which is capable of preventing the recurrence of the disease.
Cervical Cancer Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)
Radiotherapy ensures the destruction of cancer by ionizing radiation through high beams precisely aimed at pathological education. Internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy) is carried out by placing the device sending radio waves near the cervix.
Sometimes both methods are used simultaneously. Radiotherapy may be administered either alone or in conjunction with a neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen served to reduce the size of the pathological tumor before surgery or post-operatively, to destroy the remaining abnormal cells. After radiotherapy premature menopause may be developed.
Cervical Cancer Chemotherapy
For the treatment of cervical cancer different combinations of chemotherapy drugs (cytostatic) are usually applied intravenously. These types of drugs are capable of destroying and slowing the growth of abnormal cells.
According to the treatment protocols, chemotherapy is often combined with radiotherapy; this approach has proven itself as highly efficient.
Side effects of some of the chemotherapy drugs may be developed such as infertility and early menopause.
"Herzliya Medical Center" Private Hospital creates ideal conditions for the diagnosis and treatment of all cervical cancer disease. HMC boasts successful recovery rates of cervical cancer due to its professional oncologists working in a modern environment.